Author Guidelines

Instruction to Authors

The abstracts and full paper will be published in Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences.

Publication guidelines for authors:
Submission fees (non-refundable): RM 50
Submission deadline: 29 January 2018
All submissions and any inquiries regarding publication can be directed to Dr Kumitaa Theva Das at Alamat emel ini dilindungi dari Spambot. Anda perlu hidupkan JavaScript untuk melihatnya.
or 013-5215873

We welcome articles of interest in the form of original papers and case reports. Articles are accepted for publication on condition that they were presented at IBSC 2018 and are contributed solely to The Medical Journal of Malaysia. Neither the Editorial Board nor the Publishers accept responsibility for the views and statements of authors expressed in their contributions. The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject papers that do not meet our requirements. To avoid delays in publication, authors are advised to adhere closely to the instructions given below.

Instructions for submission of a manuscript are similar to that found on the journal’s webpage: http://apps.amdi.usm.my/journal/index.php/jbcs/about/submissions#authorGuidelines. For authors and reviewers encountering problems with the system, an Online Users’ Guide and FAQs can be accessed via the “Help” option on the taskbar of the login screen.

Manuscripts should be submitted in English (British English). All submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form (CAF), signed by all authors. Manuscript text should be submitted using Microsoft Word for Windows. Images should be submitted as JPEG files (minimum resolution of 300 dpi).

All submissions duly signed by corresponding authors must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form. Submissions received via hard copy will NOT be considered. Manuscript text submitted using Microsoft Word 2007 for Windows is preferred. Please, DO NOT submit the manuscript in PDF file.

Manuscripts will be reviewed by the Scientific and Publication Team of IBSC 2018.

Preparation of the Manuscript
For a manuscript to be submitted to JBCS, use 12-point font Arial, double-spaced throughout. There should be a 2 cm wide margin on all sides. The total size for all files of a manuscript must NOT exceed 3MB. The number of pages for each article should be between 5 to 8 pages.

For a manuscript submitted for the sole purpose of publication in JBCS, each of the following components of a manuscript should begin on a new page and number the pages consecutively, starting with the title page.

a. Abstract
b. Manuscript Text
c. Figures & Table (if applicable)
d. Acknowledgements (if any)
e. References
f. Copyright Assignment Form

Title page

The title page should carry
a: The title of the article which should be concise and informative
b: Author’s name as family name followed by initials of first name and middle name of author e.g., Muhammad Arshad Qamar (Qamar MA).
c: Name of department/ institution of author(s).
d: Full Name, postal address, telephone/fax number with country code, and valid email address of the corresponding author.
e: Running title
f: Type of manuscript e.g., original article, case report , review article or letter to the editor
g: Subject of manuscript e.g., medical, biomedical, dental or pharmaceutical science

Manuscript Text

For a complete manuscript the following applies:

(a) Abstract and Key words

The abstract of a manuscript should be between 200-300 words depending upon the complexity of the article. All original articles must be accompanied by structured abstracts, divided into following headings: Objective, Methods, Results and Conclusion while all other categories of manuscripts may have unstructured abstracts. Do not include any reference in the abstract and use few abbreviations if necessary and spell out what they stand for in full.

(b) Text

This should consist of Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. References and Figures mentioned in the text should be written in Arabic numerals (e.g. 1, 2, 3), while Tables in Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III).The number of words limits for various text types are as:
Original article: up to 4,000 words excluding abstract and references
Review articles: up to 6,000 words excluding abstract and references
Case report: up to 3,000 words excluding abstract and references
Letters to the editor: up to 800 words excluding references

(c) Acknowledgements

Financial grant from a department or technical support from a person etc may be mentioned under this section. Similarly each author’s conflict of interest and financial disclosure, including declaration of no financial interest must be included in the acknowledgement section of the manuscript.

(d) References

It is the authors’ responsibility to check all references very carefully for accuracy and completeness. They should be in Vancouver style and numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript text. These numbers should be inserted in brackets () each time the author cited. For example, Robina et al., {6} reported similar findings…………Other references to the paper should be in the same manner. For example, recent studies have shown the similar findings {4, 7}. Ashfaq {2} demonstrated that…………………..Please keep in mind, “Unpublished observations” and “personal communications” can not be used as references; if cited, a letter (from the person quoted granting permission) must be submitted and will be upon editorial approval for use as a reference. Examples of references used in a manuscript exclusively for JBCS are given below.
Reference to an article
Abdel-Hamid AZ, Rawy S, Saad A F. Identification of the genetic marker associated with the resistance to Schistosoma mansoni infection using random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz.2006; 101:pp.863-868.

In the above reference, actual names of authors are Abdel Hamid Zaki Abdel-Hamid, Saeed Rawy , Azza Fathi Saad. Title of the article is in Italic form followed by name of journal abbreviated as Index Medicus, year, volume number and pages. Mention up to 5 authors in the manner described above. If there are more than five authors, use et al., after the fifth author. The title of the journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus while complete name of non –indexed journals should be written. e.g., The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences.
Reference to a book
William J G.Cindy L S. Principles of Human Physiology.2nd ed. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings, 2005.
Reference to a book chapter
Aaron T.Megakaryocytopoisis Kinetics and Platelet Radiolabeling. in Rossi’s Principles of Transfusion Medicine.3rd ed.pp179-184.NY: Lipponcott Williams & Wilkins 2002.
Reference to a report
Committee on Mercury Hazards in Dentistry. Code of practice for dental mercury hygiene. London: Department of Health and Social Security, 1979, publication no. DHSS 79-F3 72.
Newspaper article
Kee H C.Water is water,no? The Star. 2009 May 9; WE15.
Online journal/books

Complete web address should be given in the end of a reference using the same manner described above.

(e) Tables

Acceptable tables as part of manuscript text submitted for JBCS include Word; WordPerfect and Excel. Please make sure that tables are appended to the end of the manuscript text file. Tables should neither be submitted as separate file nor as photographs. They should be numbered consecutively in Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III) in the order they appear in the text with brief titles. Place explanations of table in the footnotes including non-standard abbreviations that are used in Tables. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules. Ensure that names of authors or the institutions do not appear in the tables. If data from another published source are used, the author should obtain permission for publication prior to submission of the manuscripts and acknowledge fully.

(f) Figures

All figures must be submitted in a finished form, ready for reproduction. They are required to show the essential features described in the text. Please use A1,BMP,DOC,PDF,PPT,XLS and JPG format and ensure that the files are created and saved at a resolution of 300 dots/inch (DPI) or higher for half tone images and 1,200 DPI for line art. A separate file should be submitted for each Figure or Figure part. Authors should retain backup files of all digital graphic files. Line figures should be professionally drawn and submitted electronically, or scanned using a 600 DPI (or better) printer. A separate image is required for each figure part. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear and even throughout and of sufficient size so that when they are reduced in size for publication, each item will be legible.
Figures should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (e.g. Fig. 1, 2, 3) according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. If a Figure has been previously published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher, except for documents in the public domain. Authors’ names and affiliations should not appear on the images.
All figure parts relating to one subject should have the same figure number. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. Symbols, arrows, numbers or letters used to identify areas of interest on photographic prints should be removable. If photographs of persons are used, the subjects or patients must not be identifiable. If this is unavoidable, their pictures must be accompanied by written permission from the patient or legal guardian to use the photograph. Do not send images or other material (including charts, photographs and tables) that have identifying information such as patient’s names or initials, birth dates, national identity card numbers, hospital numbers, or other identifying data. These must be removed before submitting the material to BHSB. Authors will be asked to replace poor quality figures. The Editorial Board reserves the right to edit figures to a size compatible with the description in the text.

(g) Legends for Illustrations

Present the legends for illustrations using double-spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the Illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers or letters are used to identify parts of the Illustrations, explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining and original magnification for photomicrographs. For drawings and graphs, state the important, salient points leading to the desired conclusion.

(h) Abbreviations and Symbols

Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations and symbols in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should proceed unless it is a standard unit of measurement. In general, the use of S.I. Units (International System of Units) is encouraged.

(i) Running title and Page number

Use running title as Header in 8-point font Calibri Body and page number as Footer on right hand side of each page.

Copyright assignment form

All submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form which should be signed by corresponding author. The form can be downloaded from the JBCS website at http://apps.amdi.usm.my/journal.The form should be submitted with the manuscript to:

Dr Kumitaa Theva Das
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All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to justify authorship. Editor may require corresponding author to justify the assignment of authorship.
Submitted manuscripts which do not meet the above guidelines will be returned to the corresponding author prior review process. The Editorial board keeps unconditional right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication in JBCS

The decision on the priority of publication is strictly determined by the Editorial Board. The appeals would be considered if these are reported in writing to the Editor.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. There is no more than 20% of similarity between the text submitted and any published material. Failure to do so would result in an immediate rejection of the article.

Copyright Notice

JBCS Publication Ethics

JBCS is committed to ensure the publication process follows specific academic ethics. Hence, Authors, Reviewers and Editors are required to conform to standards of ethical guidelines.


Authors should discuss objectively the significance of research work, technical detail and relevant references to enable others to replicate the experiments. JBCS do not accept fraudulent or inaccurate statements that may constitute towards unethical conduct. Authors should ensure the originality of their works. In cases where the work and/or words of others have been used, appropriate acknowledgements should be made. JBCS do not accept plagiarism in all forms that constitute towards unethical publishing of an article. This includes simultaneous submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal. Corresponding author is responsible for the full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication

Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (JBCS) publishes original research articles, short review, short communication, case report and letter to editor that covering the areas of fundamental aspects of biomedical and clinical sciences, from pre-clinical towards translational research and their applications in medicine, dentistry and healthcare management. JBCS aims to provide a platform for basic science and clinical researchers to communicate and share their research findings to the advancement of technologies in biomedical and clinical sciences by providing maximum access to scholarly communication.